When you’re thinking about upgrading your warehouse lighting, there are a ton of things to consider. It can be a little intimidating, yes, but it doesn’t have to be a difficult project to accomplish. Let’s take a look at how to choose the right light source for your warehouse light all up to the correct distribution of light you’ll be needing.
Which Light Source Should I Use?
There are basically only three light sources that you could choose from for your warehouse lighting. You’re looking at HID (high intensity discharge), LED and fluorescent lights. In the past, HIDs were considered the only acceptable option for lighting warehouses. And, yes, they are still used quite a bit in our day and age. It has a very low cost to initially install, but its depreciation of lumens is quite high (actually, it has the highest depreciation rate). Also, HIDs do not offer a lot of options when you’re looking at color temperatures.
Different Types of Light Source
Let’s look at some specific HIDs. When you’re looking at high-pressure sodium lamps, their temperatures usually are around 2,200 K to 2,400 K. This produces a yellowish hue. For metal halide lamps, you’re looking at temperatures that range around 4,000 K to 4,500 K. This produces a whiter hue. It must also be noted that HID lights have to warm up a bit before actually turning on. They also need to cool down when they are turned off before you can actually turn them back on again. So when you experience a power surge, you’re basically looking at a 15 minute break before turning your lights back on.
A great alternative to HID lights would be fluorescent lights. This type of light isn’t costly and don’t consume as much energy as HIDs. In terms of color temperatures, fluorescent lights are around 2,700 K to 6,500 and offer a lot more colors than HIDs. They also come in an array of sizes and shapes. This makes fluorescent lights a very flexible product. The only negative aspect of fluorescent lights is that they do not do well in extreme heat or cold. In terms of lifespan, frequently turning the fluorescent lights on and off affects its lifespan. So this type of light is not recommended for places that would need to constantly turn their lights on and off.
Now the most versatile and the most energy efficient light for warehouses would be LEDs. This type of light does not consume a lot of electricity but is still able to produce quality lighting. When you consider LEDs, you have the option of either buying the fixture whole or you may buy it as a retrofit. The lifespan of LEDs is about 100,000 serviceable hours. This light fixture therefore does not need to be replaced frequently and do not need as much maintenance. LEDs work well in cold temperatures, but hot areas may affect its overall quality.
Does The Color And Structure Of My Building Matter?
One main thing to remember is that the color of your walls and ceiling may make a big difference in your overall illumination. If you have light colored walls and ceilings, you don’t need a lower lumen output. This means that your lights won’t consume as much energy and you’ll save quite a bit on electric bills. Now, if your facility has skylights, there is a possibility that you could use a lower lumen output. The only thing is you may have to turn on only a couple of lights on during sunny days. You could address this by wiring your fixtures to multiple switches and just turning on only the lights you’ll need for the day.
What Temperature Should My Lights Be?
The temperature of your lights should be taken into consideration. The reason being that it can make a huge impact on the overall productivity and visibility. The range of color temperature should be around 4,000 K to 5,000 K when you’re looking for warehouse lighting. This produces a very cool white hue. You can sometimes see a blue tint. According to studies, this tint helps create a productive work space and can reduce eye strain.
What Kind of Light Distribution Should I Go For?
When you’re looking at warehouse light distribution, you’re typically looking for either type I or type V. Choosing either will depend on the layout of your facility. If you have a facility with a lot of tall shelving, type I would be the best fit. This is to ensure that the upper shelves will not block light for lower shelves. A more open layout would require a type V. This is because of the fixture’s widespread square or circular light distribution.
How Do I Position My Fixtures?
When you’re placing your light fixtures, it is quite critical to get the positioning just right. Position your lights too far apart and you may end up with dark areas. If you position your lights too close to each other, you may run into some glare. Always make sure to get a map of where you’re going to install your light fixtures before you actually go out buying them. When in doubt, always consult with a lighting expert.
What Else Do I Need?
The best thing to do when you’re lighting up warehouses is to install occupancy and vacancy sensors. These basically can help reduce your electric bill by at most 30%. It’s a great saving feature as it will only light up whenever someone enters the warehouse. But you can still turn off this feature when the warehouse is empty.
Are you ready to start with your warehouse lighting project? Tetrus will be more than eager to help you out. Kindly give us a call and we’ll have our lighting experts provide you with the information you need.